The UK enjoys six months chairing the European Council which supervises the Human Rights Court and Convention.
The UK is seeking amendment to the current system, to try to return it to the original intentions when it was set up after the Second World War.
The idea was the member states which signed the Convention would police it to ensure no signatory state violated crucial principles like the right to a fair trial and the need for a state to refrain from torture.
In more recent years the ECHR has accepted a wide range of cases against member states from individual litigants seeking to change policy or push the boundaries of law in their respective countries. The UK thinks these cases should be settled under national law in national coruts, without an appeal against the domestic legal system to the European level. If, for example, the UK Parliament does not wish prisoners to have the vote, there should be no right for the ECHR to overturn that judgement. Nor should the Court be able to decide individual migration cases against the determination of UK courts under UK law.
The UK’s aim is to disallow individual appeals. The UK would remain a signatory of the Convention, subject to the judgement and disapproval of the other member states should any future UK government violate the major principles of justice included in the Convention.
This was an idea proposed in the “Future of Conservatism ” book recently published, in a chapter written by Geoffrey Cox QC MP.