Congratulations UK

Well done all of you who helped bring about this great victory for democracy.

Now Parliament and government has to turn to the task of reassuring people and markets. I will write this afternoon about what needs to be done to implement the promises made by the Vote Leave campaign and to smooth the transition for businesses and  investors.


  1. alte fritz
    June 24, 2016

    And congratulations to you too.

    1. sulis
      June 24, 2016

      Yes, thank you Mr Redwood for your tireless effort in securing this most glorious result and like many others on here would indeed be thrilled to see you as our new Leader.

  2. Mike Watson
    June 24, 2016

    Please stand for leadership!

    1. Lifelogic
      June 24, 2016

      JR perhaps too Replace Osborne might be better please, a massive improvement. Restore confidence with a lower, simpler tax, a bonfire of red tape, cheap reliable energy, public services that actually work and provides a real service to the public, sound money, a balanced budget, huge reductions in turnover taxes, no Tobin tax, no damaging, top down wage control nonsense, no sugar tax, no IHT, lower capital taxes so the rich can live there, quality only immigration of people who really pay their way, fair pensions not just for the state sector ……

      Then let us have a criminal justice system that has real deterrents and thus lower clime rates. In memory to Jo Cox preamps something that protects the 100 plus people a year killed ( and many more injured) by a few dangerous people with mental health issues. A far better tribute to her than the permanent destruction of democracy that the remainders tried to use her memory for, in their truly nauseous way.

      A defence force that defeats rather than incubates problems.

      An NHS that serves only people who have paid in (in general) a decent non education system and BBC rather than a leftie,pro EU, climate alarmism system indoctrination.

      No climate alarmism, easy hire and fire and far less PC drive and far fewer lawyers and the likes.

      Cameron’s leaving speach was very good indeed. He did, after all, give us the referendum and showed us with his deal that no real reform was ever likely. He deserves credit for delivering that even if he did back the wrong horse.

    2. BobE
      June 24, 2016

      yes please do

    3. libertarian
      June 24, 2016

      It would be so refreshing to have someone with JR’s intellect as a leader of this country. Sadly intellect, experience and ability aren’t the qualities we elect our politicians on .

  3. Antisthenes
    June 24, 2016

    A devalued pound a great boost for business. The markets will calm down after big business realise despite losing EU privileges they can still survive. They will just have to cosy up to Downing Street instead.

  4. ian wragg
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations John for your tireless efforts on behalf of the Leavers.
    Now Cameron has resigned and hopefully his side kick too, lets start building a strong and independent Britain.
    Article 50 keeps cropping up and I believe many in Westminster would like to get us in an associated status where we still pay vast sums and have to accept free movement.
    This is NOT what we have voted for.
    Out means Out and I hope you and your like minded colleagues will make sure there is no back sliding.

  5. Old Albion
    June 24, 2016

    Fantastic result, free of the tyrannical EU. Scotland is sure to vote for independence again and this time they’ll go 🙂
    There may even be an opportunity to re-unify Ireland. Leaving England and Wales to go it alone. I never thought I would see the day, but it looks like I may.

    1. Lifelogic
      June 24, 2016

      Scotland would be very foolish indeed to switch the UK for the EU, the pound for the EURO and democracy for serfdom. Anyway they cannot afford it.

  6. Peter van Leeuwen
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations to you, and good bye. Also to Mr. Murdoch, who through his devotion over several decades, managed to make the British believe that they are “ruled by unelected bureaucrats from Brussels”, even though reality is a little different. I take heart that the young people voted 3 to 1 for ” remain”, because theirs is the future, in spite of their current setback. It will be interesting to see how all this will play out in your “representative democracy” in which the SNP is currently 55 times as powerful as UKIP.

    1. Roy Grainger
      June 24, 2016

      Mr Murdoch’s Times strongly backed remain. Still, don’t let the facts get in the way eh ?

    2. ian wragg
      June 24, 2016

      Netherlands next Peter.
      You will soon be unemployed..

    3. acorn
      June 24, 2016

      I suspect that you also, will be subjected to an identical referendum within the next year or so.

      PS. Nice one JR. Your number one problem is finding a Chancellor of the Exchequer, who understands how to use a sovereign FIAT currency, to maximise the deployment of the real resources available to him / her, in the UK economy.

      Frankly, you need to get some of the MMT guys in, to explain how fiat currency economic systems, actually work.

    4. James Matthews
      June 24, 2016

      Oh dear. The only thing you are right about Mr Van Leeuwen is the deficiency of our Parliamentary electoral system.

      We didn’t vote out because of Mr Murdoch. Indeed if we were susceptible to the media in the way you suggest we would have voted overwhelmingly to remain because of the relentless propaganda of the much more influential and profoundly biased BBC.

      We voted as we did because we want to control our own borders, economy, external relations, territorial waters and legal system in a way that is not possible within the EU. Your patronising attitude, which is widely shared by our own governing class, may also have played a part.

      As to your faith in the young, it is difficult so see how they could change our course in future. We have been told firmly that “out means out” (which is very welcome). In any event their views, like those of most people, will change with age and experience.

    5. Yosarion
      June 24, 2016

      You never did get it, we were already in a fragile Union, and breaking up England into Faux Regions to accommodate the Celtic fringe was never going to work.
      Good luck just of to get a Nissan Brochure to replace the merc.

    6. forthurst
      June 24, 2016

      Peter, how did we elect the EU commissioners, the five presidents, the commission itself? Who put Mad Merkel in charge of changing the face of Europe? As to the young people and their mostly naive opinions, I recall in my youth that many of my contemporaries believed that communism was the way of the future, then they believed that Flower Power was the future. Having spent several weeks talking to people in general, in particular I would say that most young people have very little grasp of the serious issues that lay at the heart of the debate and many are ignorant of the workings of the EU entirely. I do however, as always, agree with your criticism of our electoral system. Good luck with Nexit.

    7. DaveM
      June 24, 2016

      Your referendum should be next! I have many Dutch friends whom I admire and love, and I hope they too can free themselves from the EU.

    8. libertarian
      June 24, 2016


      Mr Murdochs papers supported Remain, My Murdoch himself was reported to have also changed his view to Remain. What is it with you arrogant EU types that you really can’t accept that ordinary people can make up their own minds? By the way last weeks poll in the Nederlands showed that your countrymen are polling 88% for Nexit.

      Have they all been reading the Sun too?

      Our democracy isn’t a democracy at all, so its no reason to add another layer of non democracy on top of that with the EU. Luckily a referendum is a straight vote and the highest number of people in British political history 17.1 million all voted to get out of your silly little customs union. We will be supporting our fine friends and colleagues in the Netherlands as they achieve freedom too I’m backing #NEXIT

    9. Alexis
      June 24, 2016

      It’s everyone’s future. It’s everyone’s present as well.

      There is nothing special about the young: we all start young. Many voters in 1975 were young. So what?

      Time doesn’t stop when you’re over 35. Most of us discover this sooner or later.

    10. Jeremy Corbyn's Cat
      June 25, 2016

      PvL – By the time of the next referendum those youngsters will be – like us veterans – old enough and wise enough to realise the folly of the EU.

      A lot of brainwashing goes on in our universities. It takes years of being burdened with adult responsibilities to drain it out of them.

      It is an affront to suggest that we do not care about the younger generation in our decision to leave the disasterous EU.

    11. Mark B
      June 25, 2016

      Thank you Peter.

      Now it’s your turn 😉

    12. Observer1951
      June 29, 2016

      Peter, young people did not vote 3 to 1 to remain. In the age group 18-24 only 34% actually voted therefore the real number of young people voting for remain was 75% of 34% or around 24%. If you are going to post then get the facts correct

  7. Sandra Zuccaro
    June 24, 2016

    Mr Redwood I have journeyed with you over the months and it has been so pleasurable and uplifting to read your daily blogs. You were the voice of reason all the way through this campaign. Thank you.

  8. a-tracy
    June 24, 2016

    Get a move on John and the Leave team before social media goes into melt down.
    I would offer a team to sit at the cabinet meeting level, including prominent Leave MPs including Frank Field, Kate Hoey and Gisela Stuart, to guide this big change to represent and reassure all the people that have been successfully terrified.

  9. fedupsoutherner
    June 24, 2016

    Good morning John and well done.

    I am pleased to see that David Cameron has at last done one honourable thing and that is to resign. Can Osborne also do the same now that his forecasts of dire consequences have been rubbished?

    I just hope that the party choose our next leader wisely and that they go about leaving the EU in a way that will be advantageous to us and not to the EU. If this isn’t done properly and we are let down by disastrous negotiating then everyone will be disappointed and a great opportunity will be missed. We must tackle immigration and bring about the changes necessary to trade with both the EU and the rest of the world asap. As usual Sturgeon is threatening another referendum on independence. I just hope she is not going to be given permission at least until the negotiations for leaving the EU are completed. Perhaps by then, if done properly and successfully the Scots might just change their minds. Many of us in Scotland including myself and my husband did not vote to remain and do not wish to have another destructive independence vote.

    The hard work begins now but with the right people at the helm it can be done, of that I am sure.

    1. Tad Davison
      June 25, 2016

      We shouldn’t overlook men like Kwasi Kwarteng either. Plenty of talent out there if we look hard enough, but for too long, the pro-EU people have held sway, and have had their day. For all the good they have done, they might have saved both themselves and the rest of us a whole load of trouble.


  10. Horatio
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you John, as someone who has been at the coalface I can only imagine how good you are feeling . A magnificent day. I take it leave are well prepared for this. Liam Fox while very calm this morning appeared utterly clueless about a planned process as described in your blog a few days ago.

  11. Horatio
    June 24, 2016

    It would be rather wonderful if the BBC could stop talking Britain down and help stability by accepting the will of the people. Even Diane Abbott was magnanimous today, which seemed to upset John humpheries

    1. James Matthews
      June 24, 2016

      Spot on. They were presenting the world Today as if they were still campaigning for Remain.

    2. Jagman84
      June 24, 2016

      I agree wholeheartedly. The atmosphere on the BBC when the Leave vote breached the winning line was almost funereal. Emily Maitlis was almost in tears. It was probably for the loss of ‘EU money’, more than anything. I hope that the Champagne was on sale or return!

  12. graham1946
    June 24, 2016

    Yes, congratulations to you Mr. R and all believers. As an extra bonus CMD is now going and it surely can’t be long before Boy George follows.

    We now need a cabinet clear out of the people who ran down our country with a pack of lies and tried to give our democracy away to the EU permanently. For good or ill we can now at least vote governments in and out if we are left alone to get on with it. I still think there will be some interference from some quarters as the Bilderberg types will not take kindly to the serfs disobeying them.

  13. Atlas
    June 24, 2016

    Well deserved congratulations for all your tireless efforts to get our Country Back.

    A very satisfying result!

  14. Peter Butcher
    June 24, 2016

    Well done to you as well John. Your commentary has always been balanced and intelligent.

    You deserve much thanks.

    Wonderful day for our country.

  15. Matt Cronin
    June 24, 2016

    It was an incredible result, and even as a long-time “OUT” supporter, I didn’t really expect it.

    Please say you would consider standing for conservative leadership (again!), I don’t think there is anyone in the house I would rather see there!

    1. JoolsB
      June 24, 2016

      Or perhaps Chancellor!!! John would make a great Chancellor. Has Osborne resigned yet? If not, why not? His position is untenable. Notice he’s been keeping a very low profile today.

      John, why did Gibralta get a vote on this? I’m puzzled, especially as their vote could have made the difference although fortunately it didn’t.

  16. SumSense
    June 24, 2016

    Well done to you.
    As you say, now the problem of steadying markets where fear was whipped up so horrendously by Carney, Cameron and Osborne.
    Replacements quickly please!

  17. Gary
    June 24, 2016

    The markets have spoken(as of now) on Brexit : They see the cost of trade outweighing any political benefits.

    If they are correct, it could be the last nail in the UK exporting coffin(when new, more expensive manufacturing inventories are replaced) and the sizable dollar/yuan/yen/euro debt now becomes more expensive.

    It may be a bitter harvest.

    1. Edward2
      June 24, 2016

      I think you will find the recent changesto exchange rates (which are bouncing back as we write) will make UK exports more competitive in overseas markets.

    2. libertarian
      June 24, 2016


      Oh dear you only had to wait a couple of hours to see that little prediction proved wrong. When will people realise that the city markets are always volatile, thats how the traders make their killings

    3. Jagman84
      June 24, 2016

      How can a falling pound harm our exports? It will make them cheaper until the market correction wears off. You really should have paid more attention in the Economics classes!

      1. Gary
        June 24, 2016

        devaluation has never in economic history helped long term to boost trade. It only makes exporting worse because you have to import raw materials at a higher price, while losing productivity. So much for your economics class.

        Oh, and the pound finished the day around the lows for the day.

        now we have up to ten years of trade negotiations just to regain our markets. Eg. that’s how long these talks with the USA can take. These things don’t take a day.

        1. Patrick Geddes
          June 24, 2016

          But the pound v dollar and Euro is still at a quite average level.
          You are looking at too small a time scale.
          Markets have made millions
          It will soon stabilise
          Life will carry on as ever.

  18. Nola Heslop
    June 24, 2016

    Thank god for you & your ilk. Never seen such a hysterical reaction to something, the torrents of abuse are quite shocking. No doubt the lies & intimidations & scare-mongering will go on & on.

  19. NickW
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you and well done John Redwood, and thank you too, to those loyal Conservatives who stood with you.

    Now that more than half the country agrees with Nigel Farage, Westminster and the media bubble would be well advised to stop the sneers and insults aimed at both him and UKIP.

    The other thing that politicians need to do, (Not you John, I mean the ones crying into their beer last night and talking tripe) is to accept that the electorate were asked a very simple question, and gave a very simple answer. People understood Labour and Remain’s message only too well, and did not agree with it.

    The people who voted leave, are the people who would come forward and defend Britain in a war; those who sneer at them are in a very small and poisonous minority, and have clearly not understood that it is possible to have a menial and or manual job and still be decent and intelligent, just as it is possible to work in the media or politics and be bigoted and stupid.

  20. Cheshire Girl
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you for your untiring work on our behalf. You have done an amazing job over the last few weeks. I am grateful for your help in understanding the issues for this very serious decision.

    I am looking forward to a future, where we can take control of our own affairs. There is much to do, but I am confident that with resolve and hard work we can achieve the desired outcome for our Country.

  21. Peter Lloyd
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations and thanks to you for your unswerving effort over such a long period of time. You brought a lot of credibility particularly on the economic and financial aspects of the debate.

    1. Lifelogic
      June 24, 2016

      Indeed on nearly all area of the debate a dukedom is richely deserved.

  22. Bert Young
    June 24, 2016

    “Yippee” . We can now look forward to running our own country the way we want . Get rid of youth and incompetence and replace it with experience , wisdom and judgement .

  23. Yosarion
    June 24, 2016

    The right result but no time to gloat, It was only ever about Democracy, and accountability.
    One thing John can you ask why the BBC has been talking about London becoming an independent Country, I can’t think of anywhere in the World where a Broadcaster would talk about the Capital of England being Usurped away from the People.

  24. Bernie O'Connor
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you Mr Redwood for all your hard work in helping to achieve this vote for Brexit. This though is only the start there is a long rocky road ahead with many a trap for the unwary. Already our Prime minister has reneged on his promise to immediately apply to enact clause 50 in the event of an exit vote. Keep up the good work.

  25. alexmews
    June 24, 2016

    Congrats John and all of those who post here who have been on the Brexit side for a long time. Hard work done by all – and this site in particular has been a source for me for motivation, reassurance, facts, & sober consideration. Thank you.

    In my office today and on the streets of W1 – many Londoners out and about are dismayed. I am not. But neither am I jubilant nor triumphant. There are many many things yet to be done and many changes and challenges ahead. I feel like i did when i first left home many years ago: proud to be taking my first independent steps as a young adult; excited about the future; apprehensive about what is coming next. But ultimately confident i could meet those challenges with hard work, resilience and optimism. The UK is my adopted country. I never thought the Brits were folks that lacked confidence, industry, innovation & resilience. Lets see. It is now up to all of us. A Growth Industry for 2016–> negotiators & sales people!

  26. Mr Wilkinson
    June 24, 2016

    The people of Wokingham voted to remain by 55,272 votes to 42,229. A total of 97,551 votes were cast, with turnout being 80 per cent ! Just as Mr Cameron has done the honourable thing after defeat and stepped down, so should you Mr Redwood !

    1. libertarian
      June 24, 2016

      Er Wilko

      It wasn’t a parliamentary election in a constituency , it was a referendum , Wokingham didn’t vote anything. Thats just where the counting took place. Do keep up

  27. Dame Rita Webb
    June 24, 2016

    JR thanks for all your hard work on this one

  28. Deborah
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you John, for your incisive blog blog, over the run up to the EU referendum.
    Yours is the first website I visit everyday.
    I have learned so much and I voted leave.
    I am so happy we can now extricate ourselves from the shackles of the EU.
    We can now plan for a better UK to live in …………..

  29. Beecee
    June 24, 2016

    And thank you for your brilliant analyses!

  30. Peter Stroud
    June 24, 2016

    Well done Mr Redwood, and well done to the other Conservatives in the Commons who have consistently worked against our membership of the EU. Now the really hard work begins, so good luck to you and your allies in the period of change that will follow.

  31. forthurst
    June 24, 2016

    In my area, UKIP dutifully did most of the heavy lifting in terms of leafleting and running a street stall, armed with the direst collection of leaflets, leaflets which stated what many consider a blatant untruth, leaflets without any obvious branding, leaflets without any visual impact, leaflets of all shapes and sizes, leaflets that failed to reveal an internal window poster. One day I was dishing out red leaflets to people who had just received a red leaflet ten yards away from Labour In, having to persuade them to take mine as well as it contained a different and better message. As for the leave campaign mounted by the other parties, the first sight I’d had of most of them was at the count, as most of them clearly, had zilch experience of organising a coherent campaign. Thus, I believe the Vote Leave campaign in the field was entirely superfluous as a result of its pathologically incompetent organisation: people voted by how they felt the EU had affected them and by listening to the various messages conveyed by senior politicians through the media. Finally, it is important to realise that the Referendum was triggered by a political gamble of CMD to see off the threat mounted by Nigel Farage at the last election; thus Nigel who had campaigned tirelessly for twenty five years to get us out the EU has succeeded, through a beneficial miscalculation of CMD, to achieve his life’s ambition and those politicians who will benefit from the new situation and the country at large should offer Nigel a unqualified thankyou and put their nasty innuendoes back in their box.

    1. forthurst
      June 24, 2016

      …in other news, George Soros has been up all night dumping sterling and buying gold as he would, being as he is what he is.

  32. Man of Kent
    June 24, 2016

    A great day !
    Thank you for your tremendous contribution over many years .
    You gave the intellectual and commonsense basis for the campaign
    and our approach to it.

    I voted leave with the confidence of reasoned debate underpinning my choice .

    I hope I was able to influence some others too.

  33. Tad Davison
    June 24, 2016


    We all owe you a very big debt of gratitude for giving us the chance to openly discuss the matter of the European Union amongst other things, and with a depth and intensity we simply could not get elsewhere. It has helped to rescue this great nation from the grasp of the European Union. Yet I regret it ever came to this, but it need not have done, had we not been taken down a road to political matriculation that none of us ever voted for, by politicians who harboured a hidden agenda.

    On a personal note, your blog has also allowed me to know and respect other contributors through the quality of their writing, and I thank them all.

    It is perhaps wrong to single anyone out for special praise as there have been so many great posts, but I am sure my fellow contributors will forgive me for mentioning one in particular – Denis Cooper. His assiduous attention to research and detail has given me the chance to confront both politicians and media commentators from a position of strength, and I absolutely know from the e-mails, the phone calls, and text messages I receive that it has changed minds and opinions.

    But our work hasn’t finished. Last night, the BBC’s Andrew Neil highlighted the problems in the EU citing the calls for a similar referendum in France, Holland, Denmark, Greece, and even Italy whose banks are close to collapse.

    Given that Nicola Sturgeon is warning of another independence referendum because the majority of Scots voted to remain, it beggars belief that anyone would wish to harness their country to a failing alien political construct that according to Andrew Neil, could well be doomed anyway.

    Tad Davison


    1. Edward2
      June 24, 2016

      I agree with you completely Tad.

    2. Mark
      June 24, 2016

      I have long thought that Denis Cooper’s encyclopedic knowledge of EU law and treaties would make him an indispensable member of a renegotiation team. He encouraged me to go and look up a few things myself, which has likewise allowed me to debunk nonsense claims from senior politicians and journalists.

    3. Anonymous
      June 25, 2016

      I agree with Tad. Thank you Denis Cooper.

      I’ve used your references and links exhaustively.

    4. Lifelogic
      June 25, 2016


    5. Mark B
      June 25, 2016


      Yes, cheers Dennis

  34. DaveM
    June 24, 2016

    Mr R,

    Thank you for the tireless effort you have put in to achieve this wonderful demonstration of democracy. An American said to me this morning how the USA has admired the people of the UK during this saga.

    I have to apologise on behalf of my native Reading but am proud to have been part of the 60-40 result returned in Plymouth. And when I saw Wokingham’s result Brexit was in the bag so I had a chuckle.

    It makes me proud to think that, in spite of the bullying and patronising “advice” from all the world leaders, the bureaucrats, the economists, the Guardianistas, the Scots, and everyone else who decided they knew better and thought they could tell us how to live, that Albion still has the teeth to be perfidious and tell the world where to go when it decides to.

    And I always knew the Welsh were OK really!!

  35. Orde Solomons
    June 24, 2016

    Well we need to adopt a plan like ‘Flexit’. A careful considered approach which accommodates the world today’s realpolitik. We won’t have many things that the Leave Campaign promised but we will regain control, which is the most important thing to us on the Brexit side.

    Also Best wishes from Rose Freeman Election Agent Peckham Oct 1982

  36. John Wilkinson
    June 24, 2016

    I hope you will look at implementing the Market Solution. A safe way to ensure our exit… and why not ask its main authors to assist?

  37. Anonymous
    June 24, 2016

    THANK YOU, John.


    I would have sent you kisses but I don’t think you’d have liked that.

    Oh stuff it !


    Mmmmwuah !

    1. libertarian
      June 24, 2016

      You are Eddie Izzard and I claim my £5

      1. Anonymous
        June 25, 2016

        THANK YOU Eddie Izzsard !


      2. Lifelogic
        June 25, 2016

        Hopefully the BBC will not ever put Eddie Izzard on a political programme ever again. Or indeed on any programme.

        Still he must have helped the leave vote I suppose.

  38. James H
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you John, most sincerely, for your part in achieving this great victory.

  39. Joan Varc
    June 24, 2016

    Dear Mr Redwood,
    I would like to thank you for an excellent series of blogs which put the case for voting Leave succinctly and clearly. Any time I doubted and worried about the future, your arguments were very persuasive- good man.
    And the future?
    Well, I’m old enough to remember the 2010 General Election when the Lib Dems promised that they would vote down student fees and that nice wise Mr Cable would really get a grip on the Banking Sector and make it more socially responsible…. In other words, if that’s certainty and predictability, bring on the exit strategy,
    Best wishes,

  40. Anon
    June 24, 2016

    Yes, but your constituency vote to remain.

    1. libertarian
      June 24, 2016

      No they didn’t, there wasn’t any constituencies

    2. Jagman84
      June 24, 2016

      In a General Election, unless you receive over 50% of the vote, there is a majority of electors that voted against you. That is the FPTP conundrum. As the referendum view was split in all of the various party affiliations, the chance of a result, contrary to our hosts view, was always possible. They will be able to show their displeasure at the next General Election.

  41. Chris S
    June 24, 2016

    Momentous events !

    I see that there are already calls to discriminate against the UK in Brussels including suggestions that our Commissioner, Jonathan Hill, should be stripped of his important Financial Services portfolio.

    They need to be reminded that we remain a full member until we have filed for divorce under Article 50 and the initial two year period has expired. If they foolishly wish to break their own rules, I suggest we should respectfully advise them that we will turn off the tap and they will suddenly find their budget some £800m a month short. ( net )

    Unsurprisingly, Sturgeon is demanding a 2nd independence referendum. How can she expects to win one with the oil price on the floor and the prospect of having to adopt the Euro while 90% of her trade is with the UK ? Then there is the small matter of the £15bn a year that England is currently providing so that they can live so far beyond their means.

    Germany would not accept their accession into the Eurozone while they are running such a huge deficit ( almost 10% of GDP ) which Germany would almost single-handedly have to pay for, having just lost one of the biggest net contributors to the EU budget.

    After voting to leave the UK, Scotland would face a long and painful period standing on their own two feet until they have reduced their deficit to below the EU-maximum of 3%. This would be combined with the economic shock of the loss of the UK Defense shipbuilding industry and the Faslane Naval Base.

    For Scots voters, own sake, we can only hope that common sense will prevail.

    For the economy of the rest of the UK, the loss of Scotland would probably be beneficial or neutral, at worse. After all, our budget would suddenly benefit by £25bn pa. rather than just the £10bn pa we will gain through Brexit.

    In addition, future liabilities for Scottish public sector and State Pensions would no longer fall on England.

    I suspect that Sturgeon may find that her demand for a second referendum will turn out to be as disastrous for her as Brexit has proved to be for Cameron.

  42. adam
    June 24, 2016

    I hope we can do something about removing regional government now, at least where possible. Wales for example backed leave and it might be possible to return Wales to Westminster government, but certainly in the English regions we ought to be able to finally dismantle the EU regional architecture.

    Anyway, all the best.

  43. Chris S
    June 24, 2016

    13:00 Friday

    Just watched your dignified dialog with Andrew Neal on the BBC.

    Cannot say the same for Anna Soubry. Her ranting on about what a disastrous day this was for British business is totally the opposite of what we should be seeing from a Government Trade minister. She was rebuked for it by the lady from the CBI but just ignored her and carried on regardless.

    In normal circumstances any trade minister who talked down British business would be sent to the back benches immediately. Will she last any longer than Osborne ?

    1. Miami.mode
      June 24, 2016

      CS. Saw some of her with Lord Tebbitt this morning.

      She sounded as though she had eaten a couple of bunches of exceedingly sour grapes overnight and was very rude to Lord Tebbitt throwing in odd comments whilst he was talking and at the same time virtually keeping her back to him.

  44. The PrangWizard
    June 24, 2016

    I agree with Nigel Farage that the country needs a Brexit government; the idea that the likes of Anna Soubry, interviewed today along with yourself by Andrew Neil should be part of it is not acceptable. She is clearly a bitter and angry woman and is likely in my view to do her utmost to defy the will of the people. There will be many like her who will attempt to row back on the opportunity we now have.

    And perhaps you could clarify your own position – did I hear you correctly say that there is no need to invoke Article 50? Are you proposing that we could negotiate acceptable terms, again to respect the will of the people without doing so? Will this not mean that we remain in the EU legally and constitutionally?

    Is this what you meant two or three years back when you kept referring to ‘a new relationship’? I asked many times whether the phrase meant from outside or inside the EU. It seemed like double-talk to me, and I’m not sure I got a clear answer.

    Has double-talk returned? Can you clarify?

    reply We would first re establish sovereignty by UK legislative action

    1. The Prangwizard
      June 24, 2016

      That is not a clear answer – double-talk is indeed back. The vote was on the question Leave or Remain, Leave requires Out, not partially, it was wholly.

      1. Mark B
        June 25, 2016

        They don’t have a plan. But don’t worry, I think we all do know someone who does 😉

  45. Kenneth
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulation to you John and all like minded posters here and well done for batting for Britain

    We now must guard against being renamed as Associate Members with no changes. If that happens we will need another referendum!

  46. stred
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations again. I turned the lunchtime Andrew Neil programme on and saw you being interrupted by Anna Suebury, a Remaniac lawyer who seems to believe all the expert forecasts of doom. The next guest was our accuser Polly Toynbee and there was discussion of the choice of next PM. I am almost sure she said that Anna Suebury would be a good choice. Well the continentals would have a job to get a word in. Oui Cherie..Oui Cherie ……

    We also had Mr Carney telling everyone that he had been making preparations for the result he didn’t want. Bank reserves have been built up.In fact he must have been building them up well in advance- for the last 8 years in fact. Thankfully the dead cat bounce of sterling is well on the way up at the moment.

    Mz Sturgeon is telling us that they may decide to break away and re-join the EU so they can be ruled by Brussels instead of London.She should be supported and then the British banks would find it easy to use their Edinburgh branches to do business in Euroland. They could also be told that now their main coal power station has closed and they need back up for over 50% fluctuating wind, they can pay the same price for it and that England and Wales will come first in case of an outage. If the Scots don’t like the idea and vote otherwise, she will have to consider whether there is chaging the name of her party to The Scottish Party.

  47. M Davis
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations, JR, for your unstinting contribution to getting us OUT!

  48. Leslie Singleton
    June 24, 2016

    If the EU does collapse it is entirely their own fault. One could write reams on this but for me that little letter in the Torygraph yesterday said it all, reminding us and highlighting as it did that somehow the EU maniacs thought it a good idea to stop us eating our pork chops with the kidney in place. Scarcely believable. What kind of mentality could think that a good idea at the European level? Apart from all else, there must be a ton of excess staff in Brussels to give rise to such lunacy. Similarly with the anti bent banana crisis: whether there was such a law was irrelevant, the point being that people thought it only too possible that there was such a law and not only that but that such laws were always slid in to place insidiously and seemingly overnight. What might help is if say half of the Brussels bureaucrats were simply thrown out but how could that begin to happen–turkeys and Xmas come to mind.

  49. Eleanor Justice
    June 24, 2016

    What a day! thank you Mr Redwood Independence Day I never thought I would live to see this happen.And Scotland want to stay in Europe another reason to rejoice.

  50. LondonBob
    June 24, 2016

    Very proud, a hard fight against the odds that we have won decisively.

    Still want to know John why Irish and Commonwealth get to have a say in our elections?

  51. Anonymous
    June 24, 2016

    I am bothered that the wreckers will do their untmost. But nonetheless. This had to be done.

    Control of our borders.

    Which part of this did they not get ? And they still don’t get it. Otherwise we still might be in the EU this morning.

  52. Vanessa
    June 24, 2016

    What a wonderful result; I would never have believed it! The polls all seemed to say the “Remain” side would win.
    I hope you have read “The Market solution” or FLEXCIT on which is the most comprehensive document on how Britain will leave the EU.
    It gives all the alternatives should you meet resistance on any aspect. There is also a short YouTube video to help.

  53. Mark Johnston
    June 24, 2016

    Very surprised at the level of support for Remain in Wokingham – 57%, really cannot understand why this figure was so high.

    Can we also be reassured that there won’t be a second EU referendum, as being called for by some of those individuals that can’t seem to accept the outcome?

    It seems they are now demanding that “We the undersigned call upon HM Government to implement a rule that if the remain or leave vote is less than 60% based a turnout less than 75% there should be another referendum.”

    The T&C’s of a referendum cannot be changed after the event!

    The Petition on the UK Parliament website for a second referendum has now passed the 130k figure.

    339 of those signatories are from the Wokingham Borough area.

    I would like reassurances that we are NOT about to see a repeat of what happened in Ireland a a few years ago when they voted for Lisbon – repeatedly made to vote until the “right answer” was given.

  54. Hope
    June 24, 2016

    What a good day to be free! It only got better when Cameron resigned, the icing would be for Osborne and May to walk with him to the distant horizon. You might get me and millions of voters back.

  55. Leslie Singleton
    June 24, 2016

    The media’s reporting of what are mere ultra-short-term market reactions has been over done. Given that we are well on the way to becoming a normal country again, it does not seem odd to me that the pound is adjusting towards a likely more normal level. A lower pound is obviously a good idea, reducing as it certainly will do our ridiculously high import bill. If inflation rises (I don’t see it rising much) that’s good too, is it not? How can that be wrong if target is 2%? If interest rates have to rise (I don’t understand comments about their going down even further) that also is unarguably good. Any problems are going to be in the EU not with us and I for one shall stay dry-eyed about that. They deserve everything they get. They can keep their five presidents. No I am not feeling magnanimous. I was especially sick of being told it was all because they had failed to explain themselves well–Baloney–they were just plain wrong. Good riddance to Cameron and I hope in short order Osborne as well. Cameron abused his position and lied at every turn. The biased Treasury Report was especially appalling–all hypothetrical good news for Stay, all bad for Leave. His luck just ran out but he will probably get a job in Brussels to make him feel better.

  56. bigneil
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations. – Thanks for all your work.

  57. Martin C
    June 24, 2016

    There might just be a vacancy for a new Chancellor coming up sometime soon … you ought to consider throwing your hat into the ring. Just saying.

    1. Roy Grainger
      June 24, 2016

      It would be wise to be magnanimous in victory but that can’t be extended to Osborne – where’s his punishment budget then, or was that a lie too ?

  58. majorfrustration
    June 24, 2016

    Well Done JR – please just ensure that your common sense is used to calm the MSM down.
    Possible line up – Gove PM Johnson Fgn Sec. John Redwood Chancellor, T May Home Sec. a winning team.

  59. Ian Henley
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations to you, John. Your patient, principled and intellectually rigorous campaigning has underpinned this historic decision.

  60. michael barber
    June 24, 2016

    I wish you would try for the top job at number 10. all the best.

  61. DaveK
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you for your inspiration and good, calm and reasoned performances on television, especially today.

  62. Kenneth
    June 24, 2016

    FTSE100 higher today than it was 5 days ago

  63. Trevor Butler
    June 24, 2016

    Dr. Redwood – I have endured many insults down the years as I have campaigned for the UK to leave the EU and despaired so much that it would ever happen that my wife and I decamped to the far east two years ago in total frustration but we kept on hoping for our children and grandchildren’s sake that this day would finally come – Today I’ve been called a xenophobic,bigoted,racist little englander on social media and I don’t care – as a libertarian I rejoice that the voters have not been cowed by the ‘elite’ and have seen though their lies to usher in a bold, prosperous future for the UK free from the bondage of Brussels….

  64. PaulDirac
    June 24, 2016

    Well done John, you are a truly steadfast, logical and always a calm leader, I hope you get central position in the coming negotiations with the EU.

    We worked hard here in Mole Valley, but lost by 4%, still over 25,700 votes to Leave!

  65. Mark B
    June 24, 2016

    Good afternoon & thank you to our kind host for his efforts.

    This is truly OUR independence day.

    Whilst it is quite right that we do all we can to reassure both the markets and business, it is very important to not lose sight the reasons behind BREXIT. And that is to restore the UK Governments full sovereign rights and powers, and to ensure that the people who are elected by the people, are the ones responsible for their laws, treaties, administration, and airing of their grievances.

    There are many glum faces where I work. I know that a number of important clients were holding back on a number of contracts which, should the UK decide to leave the EU, would not be signed. I guess I may be one of the fabled 3 million jobs lost if we left the EU ? Oh well. If I do lose my job I will consider it a small price for the beliefs that I hold dear knowing that others have made greater scarifies for those same belief’s.

    More than 40 years ago, our elected representatives handed over, knowingly and willingly, to what many now see as a Federal Europe. This was never truly explained and many a good politician suffered for daring to try and tell the truth. We must ensure, that the UK never enters into such a similar union ever again. Our powers, freedom’s, liberty and democracy is far too precious to be entrusted to those who reside in the Palace of Westminster. To that end, I believe leaving the EU is just the start to repair so much that I see that is wrong with our nation. Hopefully, our kind host, when perhaps he has more time, might like to share any thoughts on this ?

    1. Peter Davies
      June 25, 2016

      We need some sort of written constitution to underpin this. The whole project from the start was based on lies and half truths

  66. eeyore
    June 24, 2016

    This vote was won by the ordinary people of the Midlands and North, who for once in their lives had a voice and were not afraid to make it heard. Britain owes them. I hope the incoming Brexit government will see it as a debt of honour, and pay it in full.

    1. hefner
      June 24, 2016

      It would be great to have JR as Chancellor of the Exchequer and see him work out the distribution of the money “retrieved” from the EU, and see the economy flourish.

      And given what people do when their votes are properly represented, I would think any new Government should introduce a new more proportional voting system.

  67. Simon Platt
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you very much indeed for your contribution. John Redwood’s Diary, which I first came across during the campaign, was very useful in informing the arguments I used as I encouraged those I met to Vote Leave.

  68. ian
    June 24, 2016

    To all the loses out there.

    Goodbye-ee, goodbye-ee,
    wipe the tear, baby dear,
    from your eye-ee, tho” its
    hard to part I know, l,ll be
    be tickled to death to go.
    Don’t cry-ee, don’t sigh-ee,
    there”s a silver lining in the sky-ee.
    Bonsoir, old thing, cheer-io,
    chin, chin, nah-poo, toodle-oo goodbye-ee.

  69. Edward2
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you so much Mr Redwood,for all the work you have put in over the years, to help inform and persuade people in order to get us to this historic day.
    I watched your great budget debate speech in the House of Commons some years ago quite by accident and then came here to read all your informative articles on this site.
    I am so glad I did as it revitalised my passion for politics.
    I stayed up excited and nervous last night to watch history being made.
    Exciting times ahead where the UK can thrive in a global world of friendly co-operative independent nations.
    Freedom at last.

  70. R.T.G.
    June 24, 2016

    Most grateful to you, JR, for your tireless work and for the quiet reason and understated passion which you have deployed to enable us to frame our own convincing arguments.

    And many thanks indeed to regular and occasional contributors for adding your common sense, expertise and thoughtfulness.

    What has shone through is the capacity of a relatively small group of people to come to a polite consensus of sound reason, and thereby arm themselves with the mightier pen.

  71. David Price
    June 24, 2016

    Well done to you and others for such stirling efforts over a long period, all goes onward and outward.

  72. They Work for Us?
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you once again for all that you have done for the country, we are very much in your debt.
    Unfortunately we still need to rely on you to keep the Brexit process and the choice of a new Conservative Leader honest and in our best interests.
    I look forward to seeing you as Chancellor or PM and someone ruthlessly cleaning out the Foreign Office of apologists who will never put our interests first but prefer to act so as to be “liked” by their foreign contemporaries.

  73. Tim
    June 24, 2016

    Been a big fan of John for many years, but alas no more. This result is a catastrophe for the U.K. which I think now is frankly dead. Listened to U.K. Radio all day today and heard a lot of buyers’ remorse and dreadful reasoning for voting Leave – more money for NHS etc ( aka the bottomless pit to bankruptcy) and people not really “getting it” in terms of what they have voted for. Granted Europe’s a mess but we could have fixed it from within. It seems from today’s comments that we have given them the greatest incentive ever to reform themselves and really Stick it to us Brits! Precedent risk is too dangerous for them to risk so we will be treated very harshly. Why did you let so many lies be put forward by the Leave campaign, John? All the poor uneducated northerners ( I am from the north but very well educated) will face severe hardship as a result of their ill informed choice. I love my country with a passion, but my god what have we done? Boris as PM? What a joke. He has no plan. I’m so depressed for my kids.

    1. Alexis
      June 24, 2016

      There was never any chance of fixing it from within.

      You have to face that, after 25 years of zero reform, and no will for any.

      Many people have suffered hardship for many years, and suffer it today, because of EU membership.

      And you may wish it otherwise, but many people are perfectly well informed, and do know what they have voted for.

    2. petermartin2001
      June 25, 2016


      Congratulations on being well educated, but if you were even better educated, you’d know that the UK government can never go bankrupt providing it doesn’t start using someone else’s currency , for whatever reason.

      The EU cannot treat us too badly. We’re their customers. German exports to us are twice as much as UK exports to them.

      If Aldi told you couldn’t shop at their store any longer you’d go to Waitrose or Lidl, wouldn’t you? Who would suffer most? You or Aldi?

    3. Handbags
      June 25, 2016

      Grow up!

  74. Mark
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations on your continued measured contributions to the debate, which helped greatly to convince enough people to vote for a better future for themselves. Now we all have a duty to help make it happen.

  75. Horatio McSherry
    June 24, 2016


    Thankyou for your tireless work; your diligent and informative writing; and your considered, logical television appearances. We’re very lucky to have people like yourself in public life. You’ve made a huge difference to the outcome of the referendum.

    We now move on to the next battle, which is making sure your colleagues don’t water down the result to an almost meaningless piece of paper.

  76. David Bureau
    June 24, 2016

    What about the people who you are supposed to represent from your constituency who overwhelmingly voted to remain part of the EU ? What message do you have for them ?

    1. Tim
      June 25, 2016

      Time to leave Wokingham.
      That is what we are doing.

      1. Cliff. Wokingham.
        June 25, 2016

        What do you expect then? An independence vote for Wokingham?
        Despite above, claiming to be “an educated northerner” you appear to be rather childish and immature.
        I read an article recently about younger people who cannot accept that some people may have different opinions to theirs and whom are unable to take criticism and throw tears and tantrums when their view of life and the world is challenged. They were labelled “Generation Snowflake.” Is that you?

    2. Cliff. Wokingham.
      June 25, 2016

      It was a referendum…..One person, one vote. My one vote had just as much sway in the outcome as yours and John’s did.

  77. Jagman84
    June 24, 2016

    Congratulations, Mr Redwood. Hopefully, your tireless work will be appreciated, in the form of a position in the new Government, once the current Lib-Dem regime departs. Sooner than later, one hopes!

  78. BOF
    June 24, 2016

    Well it was a great day. The pollsters WRONG and the bookmakers WRONG. Had I not been awake all night listening to results on the radio I may have woken up quite depressed. Thanks Dr Redwood for helping me to articulate the arguments to the great undecided out on the street.

    1. Mark
      June 24, 2016

      The pollsters were certainly wrong – but that was easy to see, as they had been disagreeing with each other by far more than the normal margin of error throughout the campaign. I don’t think the bookmakers were wrong – indeed, I think they probably made quite a bit of money on the referendum betting. The odds were certainly misleading, but that was because there were some very large bets on Remain, as against lots of normal, small bets on Leave. Bookmakers balance the money they take and risk paying out as best they can. If you were aware that bookies were reporting there were only a few, but mainly big bets for Remain, and recognise that each bet is one vote, then you might have spotted that the odds were unrealistic, and indeed offered a good payout for a Leave bet. There was no good reason to suspect that those betting large sums had access to better information, given the polling variances. Perhaps they were trying to influence the result by making Remain seem a “nailed on” bet.

  79. John Francis
    June 24, 2016

    What they all said John. Thank you, thank you, thank you

  80. Androcles
    June 24, 2016

    Thank you for your great work Mr Redwood. Judging by some of the young people on the radio today the first priority of the Brsxit negotiations should be to allow us all to travel abroad again!

  81. Paul H
    June 24, 2016

    Congrats – and I apologise for my earlier whinge that the Leave campaign was stuffing things up and totally failing to deal with Cameron’s cheating and rigging of the process. Clearly a better job was done that was at times apparent – although in truth it wasn’t easy to foresee how counter-productively hysterical Cameron’s campaign would become once he found himself in a much tighter spot than the “playbook” said would happen.

  82. Richard & Jill Lark
    June 25, 2016

    Congratulations John for your well reasoned and sound comments throughout the campaign. You have fought a long and hard battle to get this result for our Country. We are currently in the USA having organised our proxy votes but have been avidly watching the results and the reactions to the Leave win.

    Reply And a big thank to you both for all you have done over the years in this cause.

  83. James Barr
    June 25, 2016

    John, thank you for your wise and reasoned counsel.

    I see this as a huge opportunity, and not just for the UK.

    The overriding outcome of the referendum is that politics needs to become more ‘local’. People need to feel involved in the decisions that affect them. This is the major failing of the EU. I think this explains the rise of the SNP. However, I believe that the Scots – I am one – will quickly realize the delusion of another independence vote.

    Finally, isn’t it striking that David Cameron resigns, with grace, and Mr Juncker remains glued to his throne. That tells us all we need to know about the deficit of democracy amongst the EU apparatchiks.

  84. petermartin2001
    June 25, 2016

    I’d just ask the contributors to reflect that it was the voters of the Northern towns like Burnley , Huddersfield and Barnsley where there was a 2:1 majority for LEAVE which helped make all this possible.

    These aren’t towns where the natural political inclination is to vote Tory. They voted against the EU as a proxy as much as anything else. It was protest against everything that had changed for the worst in their lives in the last 30 years or so.

    They want to work but not at the minmum wage or in jobs with zero hour contracts. They want decent jobs that pay more than the minimum wage where they aren’t docked money for going to the toilet or taking a phone call from their wife. They want decent schools and hospitals too.

    Is it too much to ask that there is some recognition of this?

    1. Tim
      June 25, 2016

      Those places now have the opportunity to fix the mess they have created too!! Good luck with that. Poor people have no idea what they have done. They will be wishing for a zero hours contract soon. What a catastrophe for them. This wasn’t a proxy vote, this vote actually mattered, and they have destroyed their and Britain’s future.

      1. Cliff. Wokingham.
        June 25, 2016

        What a patronising comment!
        Poor people are the ones who have been affected most by our membership of what has now morphed in to the European Union. The majority of poor people have been negatively affected by the EU’s rules and policies.
        Personally, I think people who are most negatively affected by the EU, know exactly what they have done and will reap the benefits thereof, once they are no longer handcuffed to the rotting corpse of the EU.

        1. Tim
          June 25, 2016

          Poor people impacted by poor uk governments since 90’s onwards, not necessarily the EU. My business was always more impacted by UK health & Safety, EU stuff was far less onerous.
          If you think they have been badly impacted thus far, you have seen nothing yet. Most leavers were the elderly and/or those thinking there would be another £110bn of public spending to fund NHS, cut VAT etc. That is nothing short of lies! By the failed journalists Johnson & Gove. And oh how vocal they have been today. They never even expected to win, small minded protestors now actually have to produce a strategy to take little England forward.

          1. Cliff. Wokingham.
            June 26, 2016

            I would agree that we have had poor governments which have let the people of the UK down.
            I do agree that ‘Elf’n’Safety has got out of control in this country but, that is always a problem where badly written legislation, no matter how well intended, spawns a whole industry around it.

            I think poorer people are more affected by EU rules and policies. Look at the majority of manual, unskilled jobs and how migrant workers have undercut the local workforce in terms of wages.
            We are starting to see it in more manual skilled trades too. EU migrants working for national minimum wage doing skilled trade jobs. British carpenters, sparkies, plumbers etc will not work for 1970 wages.

            EU regulations have destroyed our heavy industries, many of which employed large numbers of local people. The single biggest destroyer of British industry is sky high energy prices which have their roots in the EU.

            Crazy landfill charges where a foreign organisation charge us crazy money to dump our own waste into our own land. VAT on fuel which disproportionately affects the less well off. Tampon tax etc. All of these things affect poorer people more than the wealthier. Most people of my generation are frustrated that an unaccountable, out of touch foreign entity has so much control over us and interferes too much in our lives and do not seem capable of listening to our concerns….Their answer to the many disgruntled population? …More Europe, more tax, more waste and more arrogance!
            Perhaps the UK pulling out will make the top dogs at the EU think about how they run it and this may lead to a better EU for those that choose to stay in but, we will not be one of them.

            I look forward to our nation being Great again and I for one am backing Britain are you or are you going to continue to sulk?

          2. Handbags
            June 26, 2016

            You don’t like democracy do you?

            Tell us the name of your business and then people can decide whether to use you or not.

            Are you willing to do that?

  85. Phil
    June 25, 2016

    Please stand for leader

  86. Chris S
    June 25, 2016

    Vote Leave says it will exclude Nigel Farage from a cross-party committee which will negotiate Britain’s exit from the European Union.

    I find this unacceptable.

    Surely the man who has done more to bring about the referendum than any other single person in the UK and leads the largest group of UK members of the European Parliament deserves some credit and a role on the committee ?

    Even if its only to make sure there is no backsliding on FOM and contributing to the EU budget.

  87. Ronald Turpin
    June 25, 2016

    Congratulations Mr Redwood and all those sensible people that voted out, I would have been happier with a larger majority but at least we won. However my fear is that the sore losers who are petitioning for a second round will have there way, especially as the referendum is not binding, which then I believe would result in a remain vote. I don’t think for one minute you wish to be PM but I would like you to be part of the exit negotiations and to make sure this exit takes place. Regards Ron

  88. Eddie Hill
    June 27, 2016

    Agreed with everyone posting here that your efforts were invaluable, mainly in that you kept your head when all around you were losing theirs. I also support the call from many people that it would be great if your were to stand for leadership, but I suspect that you will not, preferring to remain aloof in a sense, and not have to submit to the various battles and compromises you would undoubtedly have to face were you leader of the party or PM.

    As for the mooted leadership contenders, Boris would be a disaster. He goes on HIGNFY and gets debagged every time by Hislop and Merton, so would be massacred in high politics by people like Merkel or even the lamentable Hollande. BoJo is a populist but completely unfit for leadership. I love Michael Gove as my MP, but he has no charisma, but transplant his brain into BoJo and you would have a fearsome potential leader, but sadly, that is impossible. As for the others being spoken of, Theresa May is a liberal and David Cameron lite, Liam Fox is compromised and largely undistinguished and unknown and I have never heard of Stephen Crabb.

    Why no David Davis? Who will you be voting for?

Comments are closed.